Schreiber-Bogen Card modeling Roman cargo ship 1: 100

Item number 561

Item ID 11433

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Schreiber-Bogen Card modeling Roman cargo ship 1: 100

To cut colored model and stick together

Material: paper, cardboard

Number of sheets: 3

Difficulty: 3

Unit: 1: 100

Additionally necessary: ​​paper scissors, glue

Helpful tools: scalpel, bone folder, small clamps and needles for fixing

The manufacturer classifies his models in five levels of difficulty one:
"Children Model": very light and with childlike motifs
"0": beginners model
"1": Easy
"2": Medium
"3": Heavy

The Roman merchant shipping
In the heyday of the Roman Empire dominated Roman ships the Mediterranean, often called mare nostrum. In addition to the fleet, which was larger than any other in Europe, and to the 18th century, reversed many large commercial vessels, zoom managed the goods for the growing capital city of Rome. Wall paintings, reliefs and mosaics from Roman times to give a good impression of the appearance of these ships. But it was the wreck discoveries in the Mediterranean provide a more accurate reconstruction of the different types of ships. Oceangoing cargo ships could load up to 1200 t, drove from Rome in all directions to the coasts of Africa, Asia Minor and the western Mediterranean. From there they brought zoom grain, oil, silk and spices. Wine came from France, and from Athens were imported carved stone coffins for noble Romans. One of the most important trading lines was between Ostia and Alexandria in Egypt. From there, large quantities of cereals have been introduced regularly. Back then transported the goods mostly in clay amphorae. An average cargo ship took about 10,000 amphorae cargo. Most ships two masts, one in the middle and a front mast in the bow had. The rectangular sail of linen cloth hung on the cross poles. The smaller headsail was called Artemon. often was called a triangular sail, topsail at the top of the main mast. Wreck finds revealed that the hull was mostly built from the wood of pine, cypress or cedar. was used oak wood for the frames. Pins and dowels were made of bog oak. All larger merchant ships had two oars to port and starboard. The rear trim often formed a curved geese head and the stern has been widely covered by a rear gallery. Each ship carried more anchor with it. Were common armature poles both wooden and lead as well as iron. The cargo stored below deck. There is also the accommodation of the crew and the galley were located. The deckhouse in the stern housed the captain and first class passengers, for passenger ships in the strict sense did not exist. Travelers were taken only as Beilast on board when place was. In the deckhouse often a apse was as a place of sacrifice for the protection and marine deities. A journey across the Mediterranean at that time was a perilous affair. Of about four ships only three reached their destination. From the Roman port Puteoli up to Alexandria (1000 nautical miles = 1852 km) took about nine days the fastest drive, but most were two to three weeks of it. In case of unfavorable winds, the trip could take up to 30-70 days. From November to March, the merchant navy rested completely. There were two main courses: one led to Cyprus over, on the Asia Minor coast to Rhodes. Malta and Syracuse were often driven to supplement water and provisions. Another course took on the African coast. How could the ships at that time without a compass determine the course and keep? There was probably on board cards with latitude and longitude. In addition, the sailors knew the setting of the sun and the night sky exactly. Special devices stars were targeted. The height of the celestial body above the horizon was on the latitude, close the position of the vessel. Near the coast lighthouses helped the orientation.