Cardboard model making
The Brandenburg Gate in the center of Berlin is not only a symbol of the city, but also a scene of important historical events that made the former city gate world famous.
Its history begins ten years after the end of the Thirty Years' War with the construction of the city wall. A simple city gate was built in 1658 on the road from Berlin to Brandenburg. In 1769, King Friedrich Wilhelm II commissioned a plan to beautify Berlin, which included the design of the Brandenburg Gate. The demolition of the old gate and the implementation of the new plan began in 1788. The new gate in the classical style is reminiscent of the temple buildings of ancient Greece. Reliefs on the attic and the inside of the passages show Greek and Roman gods. They are reproduced in the model for the first time in beautiful detail. The two pillared halls to the right and left of the Brandenburg Gate were added in 1868 after the city wall was demolished. The Quadriga was installed on the roof in 1793. This copper statue represents the Roman goddess of victory on a chariot drawn by four horses, which was to symbolically bring peace to the city.
But peace was a long time coming. When Napoleon occupied Berlin in 1806, in addition to the Quadriga, many other art treasures were stolen from Berlin and brought to Paris. The Quadriga should decorate the triumphal arch there. Jacob Grimm (one of the Brothers Grimm) rediscovered them so that they could return to Berlin in 1815.
The Brandenburg Gate was the scene of numerous parades and demonstrations such as the revolution of 1848, Prussian triumphal marches and the Nazi takeover in 1933. The Brandenburg Gate was destroyed during the Second World War and rebuilt after the war. With the reconstruction of the Quadriga one hesitated. It wasn't until 1958 that she was put on the gate again, but no longer held any symbols of power in her hand. In August 1961, the Berlin Wall was built directly in front of the Brandenburg Gate. Only when the wall came down in November 1989 was the Brandenburg Gate open again. Since then, the gate and quadriga have been restored and the space around the gate redesigned. A red line drawn across the square marks the course of the Berlin Wall and thus also reminds of the many people who died trying to escape from the GDR.
The Brandenburg Gate has a high symbolic value to this day. Initially, it demonstrated the power of different governments and became the symbol of the Cold War between East and West from 1945 to 1989. Since German reunification, it has stood for unity in Germany and Europe. The fact that the Brandenburg Gate is minted on three German coins (10, 20 and 50 cents) shows its importance impressively. Numerous events, celebrations, rallies and concerts around the Brandenburg Gate still take place today. The focus is on issues such as unity, peace and social responsibility.
Length: 40 cm
Width: 19 cm
Height: 19 cm
Difficulty level: 1
Scale: 1: 160