Schreiber-Bogen Card modeling Pantheon Rome
Marcus Agrippa, Lucii filius, consul tertium fecit. (Built by Marcus Agrippa, son of Lucius, during his third consulate.) It says so on the Pantheon. However, it is built under Trajan and completed under Hadrian. As the? In the same place there was a Pantheon, built by Agrippa. It was destroyed by fire, was rebuilt and still burning even from. Trajan then built up again. But instead of building to reclaim for himself, he brought to the original inscription.
The Romans built the Pantheon as a temple "for all gods." The name of the building is derived from the Greek words "pan" (= everything) and "Theos" (= God). The Pantheon in Rome is one of the oldest domed buildings in the world.
One enters the Pantheon through a stem. It is divided by its columns into three naves and is reminiscent of typical Roman temples. The inside of the front end is equipped with Corinthian columns and marble slabs. The main part of the building, the Rotunda, is unique in the Roman temple architecture. This rotunda has a diameter and a height of 43 meters each and is dominated by a dome, which starts from about the half of the room height. was used a special concrete mix, the reduced weight of the structure by upwardly increasingly lightweight filler concrete zusetzte as volcanic tuff and pumice for the construction of the dome. From inside the dome is designed as a coffered ceiling, which recesses also save weight. So the Pantheon has the largest concrete dome in the world without armor today. The only light is a round opening in the center of the dome roof. Due to the angle of incidence of light, the space is completely elucidated. The symbols hole is interpreted differently: it stands on the one hand for the sun, on the other hand for the connection to the stars.
The temple to all gods shared the lot of many great buildings in ancient Rome. He was abandoned and began to deteriorate. But thanks to the early conversion into a church, the Pantheon is one of the best preserved monuments of antiquity. In 609 it became the property of the Church and the memory of the martyrs has been paid. Since then, the building is used as the "Sancta Maria ad Martyrs" as a church. Later, the name "Santa Maria Rotonda" nationalized one. To 663 the dome with gilded bronze panels was covered, but decrease the Roman Emperor Constantine and was bringing to Constantinople Opel. From the Renaissance the Pantheon served as Sepulcher. Pope Urban VIII., Who was from the family of the Barberini, was in the 17th century bronze plates from the roof of the porch remove, to use for the production of cannons and for the tabernacle of St. Peter's. This created in Rome the proverb: "Quod non fecerunt barbari, Barberini fecerunt" ( "What did not make the Barbarians, which managed the Barberini").
The Pantheon is a role model for many domed buildings from the Renaissance to the 19th century. These include St. Peter's Basilica in Rome and the Invalides and the Sainte-Geneviève Church in Paris, which today also bears the name "Pantheon". The sculptor and architect Michelangelo is said to have declared before the construction of St. Peter's Basilica: "I will put the Florence Cathedral of the Pantheon."
Length: 28 cm
Width: 19 cm
Height: 16 cm
Scale: 1: 300