Schreiber-Bogen Card modeling Sanssouci Potsdam
Sanssouci Palace and Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and are considered the pearl of the north German Rococo. In the years 1745-1748 the castle near the city of Potsdam as a summer residence of Frederick II was. Built. The 18th century was the great century of residences. With a sumptuous residential palace, the builder not only set itself a monument, but could represent it and generously hold court. However Sanssouci is not a royal palace in the traditional sense more. Occurs even at Versailles, the representative aspect clearly, the intimate and individual design falls in Sanssouci on it. Villas-like castle is located on a hill, the so-called; mistimed Berg8221 ;. The single-storey, approximately 152 m long facility is not on a pedestal that has no basement and therefore has a very flat and closely linked to the garden area. Just as the builder had King Frederick II. Presented his residence. The story of Sanssouci begins with a vineyard that the king create exactly at this point. The southern slope of the mountain was divided into six arcuate 1744 terraces, which were held by bevelled retaining walls. On the terraces had planted Friedrich noble grape varieties and intensify the sun's heat by means of glass windows. In the middle of the terraces a stone staircase leads up to a plateau, which released an impressive view. In the beginning, so the vineyard was the king. A year later he had to build a fancy house in Potsdam above the vineyard. On April 3, 1745 construction began under the supervision of Baron Georg Wenceslaus von Knobelsdorff. Already in December 1746 of the Marble Hall emblazoned on the round on the garden side, the two words; Sans souci8221; - Without worries. Here, in his favorite castle, the king spent the period from April to October. At the same time he had to expand the Potsdam City Palace and used it as a winter residence. The construction of Sanssouci is largely to their own plans of Frederick the Great back. He sought a refuge in which he could devote himself to the arts and philosophy. Even to his last resting place Friedrich had thought. The window of his study over he had to be erected a tomb. There he is to the memorable words have spoken:; Quand je serais depending serais sans souci.8221; Hence the name also. Sanssouci consisted not only of the two-winged main building with the dome light in the middle section. Immediately behind Friedrich had a colonnade of 48 pairs build coupled Corinthian columns that stood in two rows around a large semi-circle. the sculptures on the garden side are emphasized. 36 figures in survival size - between the two windows - carry the cornice of the lock. The facade design of Sanssouci reflects the transition from Baroque to Classicism resist significantly. is held while the front to the garden very playful Rococo forms the back comes with its colonnades in strict, classical shape in appearance. King Frederick II. Gathered great European minds to his table, including Goethe, Voltaire and Bach. He used the music as well as high-profile calls. The company of women shunned the king. His own wife was living far away and saw her husband only rarely. Despite long-standing friendships, the king at the age was a lonely man. Many of his closest confidants disappointed him eventually, so he was more bitter. He died - no children - in 1786, leaving the throne and his Sanssouci his nephew Frederick William II, who made his successor as Sanssouci one of his residences.. The desire of Frederick the Great to be buried next to his dogs in the crypt at Sanssouci, did not leave until 205 years after his death in fulfillment. On 17 August 1991, convicted his remains from the family seat of the Hohenzollern in Hechingen to Sansouci and put them in there.
Length: 51 cm
Width: 21 cm
Height: 5 cm
Scale: 1: 300