Schreiber-Bogen Card modeling Hildesheim Cathedral
At the site of Mary's Chapel of 815 Bishop Altfrid was built as a three-aisled basilica in 872 to St. Mary's Cathedral in Hildesheim. Among the subsequent bishops of the cathedral building has been constantly expanding. 1046 a fire destroyed large parts of the cathedral. The then Bishop Azelin planned a little further west a new building, leaving the walls of the old cathedral erode. After Azelins death of this cathedral building was abandoned due to lack of building and used the finished transept of the new bishop Hezilo as a bishop's seat. Hezilo let the new building on the ground plan of the first cathedral built. The remaining walls were incorporated into the construction. In the 12th and 13th centuries there were some additions. The side chapels from the Gothic period and a Baroque central tower were added later. The west wing was replaced in the 19th century by a neo-Romanesque double tower front. They lasted until the 1945th
After heavy damage in World War II, the reconstruction began in the 1950s. Here we chose a simplified ajar at the early Romanesque architecture. The towers of the 19th century were demolished and reconstructed the former West station. Here is oriented toward the west wing of the cathedral at Minden in Westphalia, which, however, was also destroyed. The construction was only possible with simple means. Because sandstone slabs were scarce, they laid the flooring with marble. The level of the floor was increased cm to 60th Columns and ceilings were cast from concrete. The walls were built of hollow bricks and sand-lime brick, plaster it inside and outside blind them with natural stone.
1985, UNESCO added the cathedral, the cathedral treasury and the neighboring St. Michael's Church in the World Heritage List. This is mainly due to the equipment that gives a comprehensive idea of the establishment of Romanesque churches. Many appliances go back to the tenure of Bishop Bernward. According to him, a great art era that Bernwardinische time was named. Among many other works of art he let the column of Christ and the Bernward door create depicting scenes from the life of Jesus. In the second Dombau art treasures were added as the Azelinleuchter and hezilo chandelier representing the heavenly Jerusalem. During excavations, the Cathedral proved to be veritable treasure trove. In addition to the foundation of the first St. Mary's Chapel and the remains of the Carolingian defensive wall were discovered on tombs, rags, shoes, pens and flooring ornaments from the Middle Ages. In addition, next to the cathedral, a bell cast from the 18th century was discovered. Shards from the Roman Iron Age prove the early settlement of the cathedral district.
From 2010 to 2014, the cathedral was renovated, especially for building, fire protection and acoustics to improve. The level of the floor was lowered and restored to its original state. The built after the war organ loft gave way to a self-supporting structure. The church received a bright coat of paint and a flexible seating. He was also divided contemporary to better respond to changing forms of worship. The two chandelier received their original places in the sanctuary and in the nave back. Bernward's door was moved slightly inward to their original site. This resulted in the cathedral, a small anteroom. The Church of St. Anthony in the cloister of the Cathedral now houses the Cathedral Museum to allow the collection of the museum better come into its own. The former bishops whose graves had been distributed in the church, received its own bishop tomb. In the cathedral school, which is located on the northern side of the two-storey cloister, was a new foyer, which leads to the Cathedral Museum and Rosenstock, installed.
A special feature of the Hildesheim cathedral is the so-called "millennium Rosenstock". This wild rose growing in the courtyard of the cloister, the so-called Anne cemetery, on the apse and is considered the oldest living rose worldwide. According to legend, it was built in 815, the year of the diocese of Hildesheim. After a Mass in the woods that brought Mary's relic to be caught on a rose branch. The Emperor appreciated that as a sign for the establishment of a new diocese. He built the Lady Chapel at this point, a predecessor of today's cathedral. Hildesheim the Rose still has a symbolic meaning. In the destruction of the Second World War, the Rose burned, but the roots remained well preserved. Two months after the war drove the first flowers again. Hildesheim's population increased this to be true as a sign of hope and new beginnings. The rose is also a landmark of the city and adorns the city coat of arms.
Length: 51 cm
Width: 30 cm
Height: 15 cm
Scale: 1: 300