The Taj Mahal (Tadsch Mahal) is a mausoleum in Agra in the indian state Uttar Pradesh.
It was built by the great mogul Sha Jahan in memory of his love, his deceased wife Mumtaz Mahal.
Construction began in the year 1631, but the time of completion is debated and speculated to be between 1644 and 1654.
The symetrical tomb is build on a 100x100 meters wide marble foundation and surrounded by a 18 hectare wide garden.
The architectural style uses indian and persian elements. The materials were gathered around India and Asia with over 1000 elephants used for their transportation.
The builidng is completey made out of marble and 28 different kinds of (semi)-precious stones were used.
The Taj Mahal is shrouded in many legends: As it goes, craftsmen who worked on the building had one of their hands chopped off, while the architects were executed in order to prevent knowledge of the construction to spread. While another legend states that british colonial master planned to sell the Taj Mahel pice by pice in England. Both cases are not proven of course.
Length: 31 cm
Width: 30 cm
Height: 20 cm
Suited for children: -